Global Goals MUN 3.0 provides 8 forums according to 8 of 17 Global Goals. Each forum has two interesting topics: topic A and topic B. Delegate will have to choose one forum to attend, discussing the two topics together.
GLOBAL GOALS 1: NO POVERTY
Global strategies in eradicating poverty
Over 1.3 billion people in this world live in extreme poverty and more than a staggering 3 billion people live with less than $2.50 a day. While creating a world without poverty is a target we have not been able to accomplish yet, it is incumbent that we continue laying the foundation for this to happen.
Eradicating poverty is no easy task and this platform would urge the main stakeholders to identify and discuss opportunities, strategies and challenges in developing integrated approaches in order to tackle the issue of poverty in a more sustained, sustainable and inclusive manner.
While developed countries have continued to extend their efforts in various forms of aid and money, several factors such as how much of this actually reaches the poor and how the poor countries’ dependency on the more developed countries gradually increase should be taken into consideration.
GLOBAL GOALS 2: ZERO HUNGER
Combatting hunger in conflict Zone
Malnutrition, starvation and deaths resulting from hunger have been on the rise over the past few decades. It is essential that we understand how food should be grown, shared and consumed if we are to head up the highway of nourishing the 815 million people suffering from hunger.
Food insecurity in conflict-stricken countries continues to deteriorate, meaning humanitarian efforts to provide affected communities with food relief and livelihood support remain extremely critical. The ones mostly affected by this tragedy are women and growing children, both suffering from the lack of food to consume. This is where the importance of improving frameworks for the supply of food aid comes into play to ensure that the food aid reaches the ones mostly in need which has not been the case in most scenarios in the recent past.
Genetically Modified Crops where modern biotechnology techniques are used to change the genes of an organism have been a heated topic lately as people argue on the pros and cons of this advancement. In a world where we fight to achieve zero hunger, if genetically modified crops act as a positive factor in fulfilling this task; should we promote it or not and why?
GLOBAL GOALS 3: GOOD HEALTH AND WELL BEING
Strengthening of global resilience against outbreaks and epidemics
“Health is wealth.” During the past decade and half, we have been able to cut down childhood deaths by almost half. All this suggests is that if we continue to keep our focus on promoting healthy lifestyles, preventive measures and modern, efficient healthcare a huge difference could be made.
Antibiotic resistance is a rapidly evolving health issue extending far beyond the human health sector. Awareness of the seriousness of the situation and the need for urgent action is required at the highest political level, globally and at country level. A cross sectoral approach including agriculture, fisheries, development and economics is required for effective action at global and national levels.
Outbreaks and epidemics are mostly unpredictable which reflects on how important it is to be ready to face such situations. The continuing scientific uncertainty around disease emergence requires even more collaboration and global awareness than has previously existed, not least to improve early detection.
GLOBAL GOALS 4: QUALITY EDUCATION
Education of refugee children and those affected in conflict zones
One of the primary keys to succeeding well in life is a proper education with the necessary infrastructure. Bearing in mind that quality education is considered a human right and a public good, literacy rates across developing regions have continued to be on the rise making all the difference.
It is important that countries deliver education programmes that help build learners’ resilience to violent extremism and mitigate the drivers of the phenomena. UNESCO’s action to prevent violent extremism through education which seeks to strengthen the capacities of national education systems (ex- policies, teachers, educational contents) to appropriately and effectively contribute to national prevention efforts should be noted.
UNICEF states that more than 25 million children between 6 and 15 years old, or 22 per cent of children in that age group, are missing out on school in conflict zones across 22 countries which is an alarming fact.
GLOBAL GOALS 5: GENDER EQUALITY
Ending Global Violence against Women
Gender equality has been a very heated topic nowadays and as much as we have not been able to achieve complete gender equality, progress has been made. This is not only a fundamental human right but a necessary foundation for a peaceful, prosperous and sustainable world.
Rural women are not usually empowered and entitled to much and it is time that we change this. Supporting the leadership and participation of these rural women in shaping laws, strategies, policies and programmes on all issues that affect their lives, including improved food and nutrition security, and better rural livelihoods are to be noted.
Violence against women and girls is a grave violation of human rights. Its impact ranges from immediate to long-term multiple physical, sexual and mental consequences for women and girls, including death. It negatively affects women’s general well-being and prevents women from fully participating in society.
GLOBAL GOALS 6: CLEAN WATER AND SANITATION
Water Scarcity in Rural Area
There is sufficient fresh water across the world for everyone yet 3 out of 10 people lack access to safely managed drinking water services. Understanding the distribution of water, management of water bodies, purification processes and sanitation practices are key to this goal.
Advancing the sustainable use and conservation of the oceans continues to require effective strategies and management to combat the adverse effects of overfishing, growing ocean acidification and worsening coastal eutrophication. The expansion of protected areas for marine biodiversity, intensification of research capacity and increases in ocean science funding remain critically important to preserve marine resources.
Access to water and sanitation are recognized by the United Nations as human rights, reflecting the fundamental nature of these basics in every person’s life. Lack of access to safe, sufficient and affordable water, sanitation and hygiene facilities has a devastating effect on the health, dignity and prosperity of billions of people, and has significant consequences for the realization of other human rights.
GLOBAL GOALS 7 (08): DECENT WORK AND ECONOMIC GROWTH
Ensuring access to affordable, reliable, sustainable, and modern energy for all
According to the International Labour Organization, more than 204 million people were unemployed in 2015. As the global economy continues to prosper, we are witnessing a slower growth, widening inequalities, and not enough jobs to keep up with a growing labour force.
Energy is central to nearly every major challenge and opportunity the world faces today. Be it for jobs, security, climate change, food production or increasing incomes, access to energy for all is essential. Working towards this goal is especially important as it interlinks with other Sustainable Development Goals and our future.
Urbanisation is commonly referred to as an increase in a population in cities and towns versus rural areas. Urbanization began during the industrial revolution, when workers moved towards manufacturing hubs in cities to obtain jobs in factories as agricultural jobs became less common. Urbanization has the potential to accelerate the economic growth, and this potential will depend on the establishment of favourable institutions, policies and investments.
GLOBAL GOALS 8 (13): Climate Action
Increasing Access to Renewable Energy
There is no country in the world that is not experiencing first-hand the drastic effects of climate change! One would agree that we have been witnessing drastic changes in the climate as we see global temperatures and greenhouse gases rise, islands submerge and sea levels rise. It’s time to make a change.
One in five people around the world – 1.3 billion people – lack electricity to light their homes or run their businesses, while wealthy countries consume vast amounts of electricity every day. We should work to promote access to sustainable energy for the poorest communities and a more equitable consumption of energy resources. Energy access is an area of great inequity. Access to sustainable modern energy services underpins health, education and livelihoods and increases resilience to climate change – yet millions of people have no access to electricity and use dangerous and unhealthy fuels for lighting and cooking.
Taking into consideration that this is a topic where most countries fail to come to common grounds, everyone should take into account what’s best for everyone on a global scale.